Good governance and enforcement of sanctions Continue to be Crucial in Enforcing wildlife protections
Good governance and Implementation Continue to be Crucial in Enforcing wildlife protections.
An article by Alkaly Doumbouya et al. studied illegal fishing in West Africa and found that Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated fishing was dependent on strong sanctions such as increased penalties for repeat offenders and foreign fishing. They also found that governance-related characteristics such as transparency and corruption were associated with effective Monitoring, Control, and Surveillance (MCS) systems. They found too that some countries had passed impressive legislation but the threat of sanction is nevertheless very low. Thus implementation and effective law enforcement are important here as they are in developed countries like the U.S. as I document in my chapter on Implementation in my Wildlife Politics book. The authors note that technological systems such as Automatic Identification System and Vessel Monitoring Systems are key to implementing existing legislation. The article is available at: Alkaly Doumbouya et al. Assessing the Effectiveness of Monitoring Control and Surveillance of Illegal Fishing: The Case of West Africa. Frontiers in Marine Science, March 7, 2017. http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fmars.2017.00050/full
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